Tag Archives: Author

The Different Types of Editors

“I would like you to proof my manuscript. I’ve just finished writing it and I’ve read over it a zillion times, so I know it’s ready for an editor.”

If you’re saying or thinking this, then you’re probably right. Your manuscript is ready for an editor. But it’s NOT ready for a proofreader, and depending on what stage you are in your writing career, your manuscript may not be ready for a copy editor either. You may need to work with a developmental editor first.

Say what, Jenn? Aren’t proofreaders and editors the same thing? Don’t all editors do the same stuff?

Technically, yes, we are all “editors” in some shape or form. However, we don’t all have the same duties. There are different types of editors and each one has a specific area of focus.

Here’s a brief explanation of the different types of editors and what they do:

Developmental Editors
Developmental editors focus on the story as a whole. They look at the big picture – the structure and content, the storytelling aspect. They help you figure out which pieces of your story puzzle you’ll need and where they’ll fit best. Developmental editors make sure your story has a solid framework consisting of a beginning, middle, and end, that your plot is sound, your theme is clear, and your characters have motivation and depth (and aren’t just hanging out in your pages throwing parties and inviting an entire neighborhood of other characters for no good reason). A developmental editor can be used while you’re writing the first draft, or even after that first draft has been completed.
If you’re a seasoned author, you may not need the services of a developmental editor as you’ve gotten the how-to part of your process down to a science. But if you’re brand new, consider working with a developmental editor at least once. You’ll be surprised at how much you can learn from them during that time.

Line Editors
No, this isn’t another name for copy editors. Line editors are all about the words, my friend. As in which words would be better to use, and which words you don’t ever need to put together in a sentence again. Line editors will help you with choosing the stronger verbs, and rewriting that sentence so it flows better. They focus on paragraph structure, sentence structure, readability, prose, voice, and style. These are the editors responsible for making your words shine!

Copy Editors
Another common misconception is copy editors and proofreaders are the same. They are not. Copy editors get down to the nitty-gritty parts. They look for grammar, spelling, inconsistencies in names and places, capitalization, fat-checking, punctuation, and even check character details like eye color and more. These editors are the ones you want to work with to make sure you’ve got all your commas in the right place – and that Joe doesn’t lose his charming dimpled chin to Mark in chapter four!

After the edits, after the revisions, after you’ve read over your manuscript a thousand times making sure you’ve made all the changes your line and copy editor suggested, THAT is when it’s time for a proofreader. This should be the last set of eyes on your manuscript before you hit publish. Proofreaders look for mistakes that slipped through other phases of editing (because it happens, folks; we are only human), and they look at formatting too.
In proofing a physical copy of a book, they will check that the binding is good, the cover is straight, ink isn’t fading, and there’s no ink splotches marring your pages. Plus, they will proofread the text of the story, too.
During a digital proofread (Word documents, pdfs, ebooks), they will check to make sure no typos or grammatical errors slipped by the other editors, no extra spaces are lingering between words, your quotation marks are all the same (especially those smart quotes!), and your chapter headings are correct. So before you hire someone to proofread your work, make sure you’ve had it copy edited at the very least.

As you can see, while all of these editors know the rules, not all of them handle every phase of editing. Plus, the charge for each type of editing will be different as well. Typically proofreading will be less expensive than line or copy editing, and developmental editing will be more expensive than the other three since it’s more intensive.

The ideal process would be to work with each type of editor, but sometimes our budgets don’t always allow for that. If you can only invest in one editor, make it a copy editor.
However, if you find yourself in a pinch, I recommend self-editing to the best of your ability and then sending your manuscript to some trusted betas readers. (*Note: Two excellent resources for self-editing: Self-Editing For Fiction Writers and Write Great Fiction Revision and Self-Editing.)

Betas are great not only excellent for feedback on the story as a whole, but for finding mistakes like typos or missing words. A couple of author pals might be willing to take a look at your manuscript as well. Other authors provide a different perspective than non-writer beta readers, but both are an added value to your publishing process.

So, next time you need to hire an editor, check to be sure which one is the right for the job. It will not only save you time, but money too!

For editor recommendations, check out my Author Resources page!

Sidekick Tip for Authors: Spreadsheets Are Your Friend!

No one ever told you that being an author meant keeping track of so much information, did they? Sales numbers, reviewers, advertising expenses, submissions to promo sites, ad results, plot points, character details… this list could go on forever!

Sticky notes get lost, notebooks fill up, and let’s not forget tax time is around the corner. So how do we keep track of all this information without it cluttering our desks and tables? I’ve got the perfect solution, and it’s the subject of today’s post.

Sidekick Tip for Authors: Spreadsheets are your friend!

No, don’t frown! I wouldn’t lead you astray. Spreadsheets can be really helpful for authors.

They can help you track your sales by week/month/year and on multiple distributors.

They can help you keep your income and expenses organized and tallied, which makes tax time a little less stressful! (Who doesn’t want that, right?)

You can make a spreadsheet to track ARC reviews, promotions and ads – and their results.

Want to set up a posting schedule for promotion to Facebook groups? You can totally do that on a spreadsheet.

You can keep details about characters, summarize major plot points for outlining, and even keep notes for each of your books in a series – all on a spreadsheet. Keep everything organized and sectioned off so you can easily find information when you need it. And the best part – no paper cluttering your desk! Just save the spreadsheets in a file on your desktop or in folders in your preferred cloud storage program. (I use Dropbox and Google Drive.) Then, even if your hard drive takes a nose dive, you can still access all your important files from any computer or tablet.

“That’s great, Jenn, and it may work for other authors, but I don’t know a thing about setting up a spreadsheet. I don’t have time to learn how, and keeping up with adding all those numbers and stuff… it’s just too much for me.”

I totally understand not having time to learn yet another program. But you don’t have to.
Nope. This is a GREAT task to outsource to someone else! Maybe you have a relative that works with them all the time and can set one up for you? Or a family friend who is familiar with them? Or say… an author assistant?

They can create the sheet for you, and then all you’ll need to do is type in a little information here and there. Spreadsheets can tally the data for you. It can add, subtract, multiple, etc., and give you the total right there on the sheet. No calculator needed!

I’ve made several spreadsheets for clients, including a profit/loss balance sheet authors can use for their book royalties and writing business. I even use it for my business. Keeps everything simple and handy for tax time – which my tax lady loves!

I’ve made spreadsheets for scheduling posts on Facebook groups for book promotions. One click on the link and the Facebook group opens up, then copy and past the info, and – BOOM! – you’re done. Easy peasy!

The key takeaway here is that spreadsheets can not only save you time, but they keeps things organized, too.

So you see, spreadsheets really are your friend!

How have you used spreadsheets for your author needs? Do you have any other suggestions how other authors can use them? Feel free to share in the comments!

**If you have any questions about the types of spreadsheets I’ve created or how they can better suit your needs, send me a message and I’ll be glad to discuss it with you!


Sidekick Tip for Authors: Organization is KEY!

Happy New Year, everyone!

Last November, I took a long look at my new Sidekick business and decided I wanted to make 2016 an AMAZING year! I soon realized I can’t make that happen without a plan. After all, no superhero sidekick can just dive into battle with the Big Bad without a plan, right?

So, I set myself down and made some goals. It took me a little while to narrow down my “wants” (becoming the best author admin EVER) and make them into more attainable goals, like start blogging in January. But I figured it out and here I am! Every week, I’m going to share tips, ideas, and things I’ve learned along the way.

To get things started, here’s my first Sidekick Tip for Authors: Organization is KEY!

Organizing isn’t just for closets or kitchen pantries. Although, if you’re feeling frisky, by all means, tackle that closet! But honestly, if you’re serious about your writing career and reaching your dreams, organization really is a key element.

I promise the “O” word isn’t evil. Rather, this is one of the best things you can do to save yourself time and energy. And it isn’t just cleaning up and utilizing storage space. It’s also about planning and finding the most efficient ways to reach your goals. The more you prepare now by organizing, the more time you’ll have later on to do what you love – WRITE.

So, here are some things you can to that will help get you more organized this year.

Tidy up your office and workspace. 
I know, I know – I can hear the groans all the way over here. Why is this always the first thing people suggest? Because clutter distracts you from focusing on what’s important.

Messy desk full of clutterThat new magazine sitting on your writing desk is BEGGING you to flip through the pages – when you really should be writing. Or, when those plot bunny ideas pop in your head while you’re writing a scene and you reach for your pen to write them in your notebook… but you can’t find the pen, much less the notebook, under the pile of papers. Oh, but look, there’s that sticky note you were looking for last week.

See? Totally derailed. You’ve lost valuable time.

Having everything clean and shiny will put you in a great mood for creativity and keep distractions at bay.

My suggestion is to take the time to clean it all up now, and then do it once a week from there on out. If you do it weekly, it will take less time and your office and workspace will stay clutter-free and ready for creating!

Set Goals
If you haven’t set your goals for 2016 yet, it’s not too late. Take a little time to figure out what you want to happen this year, and then how you’re going to get there. This becomes your plan of action and can help keep you on track all year long.

Goal setting can be a little overwhelming if you’ve never done it before. The idea is to start big and break them down into smaller goals. Once you’ve broken them down, make action items on how to reach those goals.

For example, one of your big goals might be publish three books this year. The next step is to break it down and find what steps you need to take to make that happen. Publishing three books in twelve months is the same as publishing a book every four months. Your goal is then to write a book every four months. Then you can create actionable items to reach that goal, like setting deadlines for finishing the first draft, having it ready for editing, etc.
Remember you can tweak these dates and goals as needed.

Also, be sure your goals aren’t too out of reach. There’s nothing wrong with wanting to be a best-selling author and hit the NY Times list, but if you’ve not even started writing a book yet, that might be kind of hard to do by Dec. 31, 2016. So make sure your goals are realistic and attainable for this year.

Create a Business Plan
I can see your eyes glazing over already! Mine did too the first time I heard this tip. It really isn’t as bad as you think, though. I know it’s not as fun as creating worlds and characters, but there really is nothing better to help you stay on track than having a business plan. Not only will it help you see the big picture for this year and for several years out, but it helps in creating smaller quarterly and monthly goals. You’ll be able to see what you need to do, and by when, in order to reach your goals. Plus you’ll be able to see what is working and what isn’t, where to best spend your hard-earned money and what to wait on.

Plan for Success by Laina TurnerI recommend Laina Turner’s book – PLAN FOR SUCCESS: A Business Planning Toolkit
for Bloggers and Authors. I used it to help me figure out what to do and how to set my goals. She has a lot of great ideas and tips that apply specifically for bloggers and authors.

Publishing Schedule
If you do have a business plan, then a publishing schedule should be part of it. If you’ve chosen to forgo the business plan, you can still benefit from at least having a publishing schedule.
Saying, “I’m going to publish two books this year,” is a great goal, but having a deadline and target date for publishing will help you stay on track and focused. In addition to that, having a date or at least an approximate time of when your next book will be available is a great way to engage your readers. They want to know when they can get their hands on the next book, and sharing your progress with them will help build buzz for it’s release.

Plus, knowing when a book is going to be published will allow you to plan when to start promoting for its release. Planning ahead like this will save you so much time, and you won’t have the stress of scrambling at the last minute to submit ads, send out ARCs for early reviews, or guest post on blogger sites.

Marketing schedule
The dreaded “M” word. You knew it was going to appear at some point, didn’t you? As much as we don’t like marketing and promoting, it is a necessary part of the business. It doesn’t matter if you are traditionally published or if you’re self-published, marketing and promotion has to happen.

Technically, you should be doing a little promotion all the time. Even if you don’t have a new book ready to come out, you can promote books from your backlist. Or, if you’re a newer author, a reminder of what you do have out and when the next is coming, won’t hurt. If you aren’t published yet, promotion isn’t as big of a concern. However, you do need to start way before your book is actually released.

If you need help figuring out a strategy, I totally recommend By Your Side Self-Publishing and BadRedhead Media, both excel at marketing and promotional help for authors.

Work schedule
Now that you’ve gotten your goals set and created a plan of action, you can figure out your work schedule. Most authors and writers I know have a specific time of day they like to work. Some have evil day jobs and get up an hour or two earlier than normal to get words in. Some write late at night. What matters is finding the sweet spot that works for you. Then commit to it, even if it’s just thirty minutes or two hours each weekend. Claim that time as yours, and make it your work schedule.

Also, another thing that will help tremendously, is to ask your family to adhere to your writing schedule as well. Let them know that those thirty minutes every Tuesday night or those two hours on the weekend are extremely important for you to have all to yourself. No interruptions – no distractions. Remember, this time is also your work time. If you were at the office, they wouldn’t be able to come barging in and ask you where they left their shoes, right? So ask them to respect that bit of time you have to write. If you’re not serious about it, they won’t be either.

Find an assistant.
So much to do, so little time! Between writing, promotion, newsletters, blogging, contests, giveaways, tracking sales, answering emails and all the other items on your to-do lists (let’s not even mention the household chores!), it’s amazing we can think straight, much less get any sleep. But there’s a way to juggle it all, and save your sanity. Find an assistant.

Whether in person or virtual, author assistants can save you time and lessen the load of stress on your shoulders. They can take care of the administrative stuff, while you get more words on the page. Even if you don’t have the budget to hire an assistant on a long-term basis, hiring someone to help you during book launches, or giveaways, can be a time-saver. Having some help to knock out smaller tasks here and there, will help lighten your load and make you feel less like pulling out your hair.

(For information on my rates and what I can do to help, check out my service page.)

These are only a few things that can help you be more organized. There are so many more, and I’d love to hear them. If you know something that works, or have heard of another organizational tip, feel free to share them in the comments!